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What is accelerated aging testing?


Accelerated aging testing uses a combination of accelerated stresses to expose product flaws in the design and manufacturing of a product. This serves to improve product reliability and reduce field failures and warranty expenses. Accelerated aging tests are conducted in environmental chambers, with elevated temperature accelerating effective time often in combination with all shakers for creating all axis vibration.

Accelerated age testing can be separated into Highly Accelerated Life Testing (HALT) and Highly Accelerated Stress Screening (HASS). Both techniques use stresses far beyond the normal operating condition of a product with the goal to identify problems and eliminate them and thus produce a more reliable product. Each category of testing artificially increases stress on the product or component to identify the impact that time, temperature, humidity, corrosion and vibration will have on the product or component.


Highly Accelerated Life Testing (HALT) occurs first. HALT testing is used at the time of product development or when new suppliers, components or manufacturing processes are introduced. Typically, HALT is not a qualification test, the goal of HALT is to quickly promote failures and then determine their root causes. Once the causes of failure are identified, the failed components are repaired or replaced and the stress limits of the testing expanded. The product development team is searching for the weak link in the product design, the goal being to find the weak link in the product and eliminate it and then move on to the next weak link. HALT Testing has, on many occasions, provided substantial (5 to 1000 times) MTBF gains and enabled the development of far more reliable products.


A typical HALT testing program would progress through the following steps:

  • Cold Thermal Step Stress
  • Hot Thermal Step Stress
  • Rapid Thermal Shock Stress
  • Vibration Step Stress
  • Combined Thermal and Vibration Stress


Once product design has been completed, HASS testing can further be used to aggressively create stress on the product in order to detect product defects in manufacturing production screens. The accelerated stresses of the HASS program shorten the time to failure of defective units and therefore shorten the corrective action time and the number of units built with similar flaws.


The types of stresses used for both HALT and HASS are very similar although the test procedures can vary. Both testing categories use rapid temperature cycling, often combined with all axis vibration testing and electrical loading. Other tests performed may include accelerated corrosion testing, UV testing and humidity testing.


There are a number of mathematical models which can be used to predict the impact of life time under varying stress conditions, the most popular use the Arrhenius mathematical model. This mathematical model helps predict the amount of time require for tests to be performed at elevated temperatures in order to compress the amount of testing time necessary to produce a failure in a product or component. Testing at multiple temperatures can provide a quantifiable acceleration factor. The arrhenius equation's use is extensive in accelerated aging tests and looks at the reaction rate of components


Accelerated aging can be used with a wide variety of products from printed circuit boards, power supplies, medical device, automotive parts, consumer electronics and a wide variety of other devices.

The following are the main steps in the HALT/HASS Process:

Precipitation creates a defect which was previously undetectable for instance a poor solder joint. The stresses used may be vibration combined with thermal cycling and perhaps electrical overstress. Precipitation is usually achieved in HALT testing.

Detection involves actually determining that a fault exists. This often can be a challenge and various techniques are used to detect a detectable fault.

Failure analysis determines why the failure occurred. In the case of the solder joint, why did it fail.

Corrective action requires changes to the design or manufacturing processes so that the failure will not occur again. If a manufacturer performs HALT testing and discovers weaknesses and then dismiss them as due to overstress conditions, they need to be sure that the faults would not have eventually occurred in the field at lower stress levels.

Verification of corrective action needs to be performed to determine that the fix to resolve the failure actually works. The fix could be ineffective or there could be other problems causing the anomaly that are not yet fixed or the fix could produce other faults that weren’t present in the initial testing.

Record Keeping is the final step in the process, so that techniques learnt to resolve the fault are not forgotten and can be used in future product design.


Simultech distributes the Weiss Technik range of accelerated aging test chambers these advanced test chambers enable the control of temperature and humidity, and can be incorporated into aging tests to allow us to provide clients with test chambers for performing highly reliable failure-rate data and reliability analysis.

The Weiss Technik range of accelerated aging test chambers are available in a wide range of sizes ranging from 60 litres up to large walk in environmental chambers making it possible to condition and test large components, or significant numbers of components under extreme environmental conditions (-80°C to 250°C, up to 100% relative humidity) for accelerated aging testing.

Here are a few of our most popular test chambers.

The ShockEvent range of Temperature Shock Chambers are available in 60, 120 and 300 litre sizes and allow extremely fast temperature changes to be achieved between -80°C to 220°C (250 °C optional ) multiple times during their accelerated aging test. The innovative design of these chambers eliminates the risk of icing present in many other similar chambers. Endurance test of over 1000 cycles can be performed without the need to defrost.

You can find more information here:

ShockEvent Test Chamber

Also check out the video below to see how these chambers operate.



The ClimeEvent range of climate test chambers are available with heating and cooling rates of change from 2 K/min all of the way to 25 K/min and relative humidity from 10 – 98 % for performing a wide variety of environmental and accelerated aging tests.

You can find more information here:

ClimeEvent Test Chamber


The ShakeEvent is another one of our popular chambers designed to be used with a wide range of shakers to perform vibration analysis under controlled environmental conditions. Modelled on the ClimeEvent Test Chambers, the ShakeEvent can be used in conjunction with a shaker or on its own as an environmental test chamber.

You can find more information here:

ShakeEvent Test Chamber


Our SkyEvent Altitude Simulation Test Chamber, while traditionally not a HALT or HASS Test Chamber does provide the ability to test a product used in the aviation or space industry to extreme altitudes up to 30,000m and rapid altitude changes. These chambers satisfy RTCA DO-160 and MIL-STD-810 Test Standards.

You can find more information here:

SkyEvent Altitude Test Chamber


Extended exposure to UV from sunlight or other sources can cause degradation in the structural properties of many material. The SunEvent Test Chambers provides the capabilities to simulate, at an accelerated rate, the impact of sunlight exposure on a product under controlled temperature and humidity conditions.

You can find more information here:

SunEvent Test Chamber


The above are just a few examples of the many test chambers produced by WeissTechnik that can be used for accelerated aging tests. Contact us today to discuss your specific application.